Network cabling is also called structured wiring. It is a simple and cost-effective system designed to connect most business systems to a network. These typically include computers, VoIP phones, printers, servers, NAS devices, CCTV cameras and wireless access points. More specialist devices like HDMI over IP devices for connecting TVs to video sources are also available
19 inch Cabinets
There is generally a 19-inch rack where all the network points terminate at a patch panel. These comms cabinets can be floor standing or wall-mounted. Generally, wall-mounted is better for smaller installation if above head height, which saves space. Floor standing cabinets are usually better for larger offices or where limitations in the building don’t allow for wall mounting.
19 inches denotes the spacing of the rails to which the equipment bolts. Business-class routers, switches and other equipment typically come with mountings to fit these cabinets. The cables and fittings comply with various standards, the ones mentioned most often are RJ45 which refers to the network plug and UTP which stands for Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) which is the cable. A quality network cabling installation will add value to your premises.
With a new installation, the design is paramount. Installation is much easier if done before the office is in use, so getting it right the first time is essential. The cable is relatively cheap compared to the labour of installing it, so don’t scrimp on the number of sockets. Plan for current needs as well as possible expansion. We also recommend using quality cable and fittings,
Getting the cabling company back to add extra cables will be disproportionately expensive and might disrupt your operation.
Choosing Cat5e, Cat6, Cat7 or Cat8 network cable
The correct choice of cable type is essential. Many installers always recommend Category 6 (Cat 6) cable and fittings. Cat 6 is superior and allows speeds up to 10GBps over 55m. However, most equipment used in the home or small and medium business installations needs 1GBps so will not benefit from Cat 6 or later cable.
For this reason, we recommend Cat 5 Enhanced (Cat 5e) cabling for most installations. Cat5e cable and fittings are both cheaper. Cat 5E cable is thinner, more flexible and easier to work with all of which reduces cost. Cat 5e supports Ethernet up to 1000 Mbps or 1 Gigabit which is standard on most computers and other network equipment.
Installation of network cabling
The cost of installation mainly varies according to how difficult it is to run the cables. Network cables can’t run with power cables. If a false ceiling or floors are present, this makes installation much quicker. Cables can also run in plastic trunking. The choice of trunking is also essential as is working out the best cable runs and locations of sockets.
A common mistake is to install cables and sockets for current needs and forget devices like printers and payment terminals
Network cabling in the home
Networking in the home is different from in business premises for several reasons. The main reasons being cost and the need not to affect the decoration of the home. For these reasons wireless is heavily used in the home environment and most devices are wireless capable. Wireless performance is not always sufficient and services like video streaming are poor as a result. The answer is to run cables to some devices and connect wireless access points to the router with cables to give better performance.
Running network cables in a functioning home with a high standard of decoration is usually not acceptable to the homeowner and homes never have easily accessible floor and ceiling spaces. Running cables on the outside of the building solves these problems. Exterior cabling will have little or no impact on the decoration of the building and reduces the need to move furniture. The Exterior cable is black and is resistant to ultraviolet light. When cabling to exterior buildings, the use of Steel Wire Armoured SWA network cable gives protection against accidental and animal damage.
Networking in large premises
Larger premises with cable runs of 100m or more require fibre optic cabling.
Atomik.biz will help with planning and installation for all your networking needs. We also offer troubleshooting and repair of existing networks as well as advise on upgrades.
For quality network cabling solutions
Telephone: 01525 540041 or 020 33271747