Network cabling is also called structured wiring. It is a simple and cost-effective system designed to connect most business systems to a network. These typically include computers, VoIP phones, printers, servers, NAS devices, CCTV cameras, wireless access points but can include more specialist devices like HDMI over IP devices for connecting TVs to video sources.
19 inch Cabinets
There is generally a central point where all the network points terminate at a patch panel which is usually installed in a 19-inch rack which can be floor standing or wall mounted. Generally, wall mounted is better for smaller installation if above head height, which saves space. Floor standing cabinets are usually better for larger offices or where limitations in the building don’t allow for wall mounting.
19 inches denotes the spacing of the rails which the equipment bolts to. Business class routers, switches and other equipment typically come with mountings to fit these cabinets. The cables and fittings comply with various standards, the ones mentioned most often are RJ45 which refers to the network plug and UTP which stands for Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) which is the cable. A quality network cabling installation will add value to your premises.
With a new installation, the design is paramount. Installation is much easier if done before the office is in use so getting it right the first time is essential. The cable is relatively cheap compared to the labour of installing it so don’t scrimp on the number of sockets. Plan for current needs as well as possible expansion. We also recommend using quality cable and fittings,
Getting the cabling company back to add extra cables will be disproportionately expensive and might disrupt your operation.
Choosing Cat5e or Cat 6 network cable
The correct choice of cable type is essential. Many installers always recommend Category 6 (Cat 6) cable and fittings. Cat 6 is superior and allows speeds up to 10GBps. However, no PC we have ever seen supports these speeds.
For this reason, we recommend Cat 5 Enhanced (Cat 5e) cabling for most installations. Cat5e cable and fittings are both cheaper. Cat 5E cable is thinner, more flexible and easier to work with all of which reduces cost. Cat 5e supports Ethernet up to 1000 Mbps or 1 Gigabit which is standard on most computers and other network equipment.
The cost of installation mainly varies according to how difficult it is to run the cables. Network cables can’t run with power cables. If false ceiling or floors are present, this makes installation much quicker. Plastic trunking is often required to hide wires. The choice of trunking is also essential as is working out the best cable runs and locations of sockets.
A common mistake is to install cables and sockets for current needs and forget devices like printers and PDQ machines.
For larger premises where cable runs exceed 100m fibre optic cabling is required.
Atomik.biz can help with planning and installation for all your networking needs. We also offer troubleshooting and repair of existing networks as well as advise on upgrades.
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